May 22th 2024

Premature baldness: How to combat it?

Premature baldness is a condition that many people have to deal with. Alopecia in youth affects both men and women, although it is true that there is a greater number of men with baldness around 20 years of age. Recognizing the symptoms of alopecia early when we are young is essential to put a solution before the visual impact is greater.

From Hospital Capilar, a hair clinic in Spain specialized in FUE hair grafting, we tell you everything you need to know about premature baldness: why it arises, how to identify it and what we must do to combat it.

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Young patient with premature baldness before and after his hair transplant

What do we understand by premature baldness?

We understand by premature baldness the condition experienced by young people between the ages of 20 and 30, approximately, in which the hair begins to fall due to a type of alopecia. According to doctors from Hospital Capilar, the usual thing is that it is what is known as androgenetic alopecia. In these cases, the hair that comes off does not grow back, generating a lack of density and bald spots, which usually leads to great complexes and a lack of self-esteem among young people. This is due to an abnormal hormonal disturbance in which the 5 alpha reductase enzyme converts testosterone to Dihydrotestosterone. This hormone attacks the Hair follicles causing the hair miniaturization and the subsequent follicular destruction, causing the hair that falls not to grow back naturally.

The symptoms of premature baldness may vary depending on the type and degree of alopecia of the patient. Identifying alopecia in time is key to treating it in time and preventing baldness from advancing.

Front line retreat

One of the first symptoms of androgenetic alopecia in men is the receding of the frontal line. Hair begins to fall out from the frontal area and the forehead begins to broaden.

input appearance

This front line retreat continues with the appearance of innings. When the entries become visible is when we usually realize that we are suffering from premature baldness and look for a solution. This pattern of hair loss that begins at the front and continues into receding hairlines is characteristic of androgenic alopecia.

Lack of hair on the crown

The advance of androgenetic alopecia continues in men, affecting the crown area. The crown of the head begins to thin and become wider, which shows obvious signs of premature baldness.

Widening of the hairline

While in men premature androgenetic alopecia mainly affects the hairline and crown of the head, the pattern of hair loss in women is different. Women are also susceptible to this type of hormonal alopecia, but hair loss occurs diffusely. Therefore, the woman notices a lack of general density and, in addition, the wider part of the hair. He widening of the hairline It is the main symptom of premature baldness in women.

Causes of premature baldness

Hair loss among young people can be caused by multiple factors that we discuss below. Identifying the origin of hair loss is key to applying the most suitable treatment, especially at the beginning of premature baldness.

Genetic heritage

Androgenetic alopecia, which is the most common in terms of premature baldness, has a strong genetic component. If we have a family history of this type of alopecia, it is very likely that this premature baldness has been inherited.

hormonal imbalance

As we have previously commented, androgenic alopecia is due to a hormonal alteration. An excess in the activity of the 5 alpha reductase enzyme over testosterone can cause premature baldness in the form of androgenetic alopecia.

Stress

Stress is one of the most common factors that cause hair loss. However, the stress hair loss It is temporary and bald areas do not usually appear on the scalp, since it manifests itself in the form of telogen effluvium. The hair that falls out in these cases grows back, although it is true that patients with this type of hair loss experience very acute hair loss in a short time. Hair loss due to stress, therefore, does not usually cause premature baldness as such, but rather a considerable loss of density due to increased cortisol levels in the body.

On the other hand, experiencing strong episodes of stress can awaken latent alopecia. If the patient is predisposed to suffer a alopecia areata, a high level of stress will accelerate hair loss.

Bad nutrition

La eating It is key to taking care of the hair, and when it is not taken care of, we can experience hair loss due to nutritional deficiencies. Hair follicles need certain nutrients to function properly and to keep hair in top condition. When these nutrients do not arrive or are insufficient, the follicle weakens and the hair falls. This is why it is essential to follow a balanced diet where we incorporate vegetables, fruits, fish, red meat and legumes, among others.

underlying diseases

Some diseases like anemia, Crohn's disease or others that require aggressive treatments, such as chemotherapy treatments, negatively affect hair health.

Premature baldness: solution

Finding an effective solution at the first signs of premature baldness is essential to avoid a greater visual impact. For this, it is important to go to a specialized hair clinic to make a medical diagnosis. In this way we will put ourselves in the hands of experts, who will recommend the most effective treatment in each case.

oral drugs

Androgenetic alopecia is a disease that currently does not have a cure as such, but there are certain drugs that neutralize its effects and with which it is possible to stop hair loss. Specifically, it is the Finasteride the antiandrogen that neutralizes the action of Dihydrotestosterone and stops hair loss. In addition, it is also highly recommended to combine it with Minoxidil, a vasodilator that thickens the hair and favors the arrival of nutrients to the hair follicles.

Hair PRP

El Hair PRP, or Platelet Rich Plasma, is another of the most popular hair treatments today to stop hair loss and treat premature baldness. It consists of a blood extraction from the patient, which is centrifuged obtaining the enriched plasma, which is injected subdermally into the scalp. This hair treatment promotes hair regeneration, helps hair growth and keeps it in the best condition.

Hair mesotherapy

La hair mesotherapy It is a key treatment, especially in those patients who prefer not to take oral drugs to stop alopecia. Through a cocktail of vitamins and dutasteride injected into the scalp every few months, the advance of premature baldness is stopped.

Hair transplant, the only method to recover lost hair

These mentioned hair treatments are aimed at stopping hair loss. However, in no case will hair grow back where it stopped growing naturally due to the follicle being detached. The only method by which it is possible to recover the hair that has fallen due to alopecia is with the FUE hair transplant.

Hair graft surgery in Hospital Capilar Madrid

Stops alopecia in Hospital Capilar

En Hospital Capilar We have the most effective hair treatments to stop the advance of alopecia. In addition, we are experts in hair grafting in Madrid, Murcia and Pontevedra. Request your medical diagnosis at no cost or commitment and put yourself in the best hands. 

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