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5th October 2021

Types of female alopecia: Everything you need to know

We often talk about alopecia problems in men, however, more and more women are seeking help to solve problems of the same nature. There are several types of female alopecia and, depending on the one in question, you must act in one way or another to find a solution.

Knowing what the different types of female alopecia are, as well as the symptoms associated with each one, is key to identifying when it is necessary to go to a hair clinic in Spain in search of a solution. Next, we will tell you how to recognize alopecia in women and when it is essential to put yourself in the hands of professionals.

What is female alopecia? 

Alopecia in women is a condition that involves more and more women. Although the usual thing when talking about alopecia is to associate it with men, the truth is that women also suffer from hair loss due to some type of alopecia or scalp disease.

We should not confuse alopecia with hair renewal when it enters its telogen phase. The hair has its own Lifecycle where it is born, grows and dies, so what is usual according to our doctors is losing between 50 and 100 hairs a day. This is a normal process and, under normal conditions, the hair that falls out grows back. The start of the female alopecia It begins when the hair that falls does not come back, causing areas without hair and giving rise to the first signs of baldness. Identifying the pattern of hair loss and its origin is key to determining which of the types of female alopecia is treated.

Hair loss in women

Types of female alopecia that exist

Hair loss in women can be due to several factors, and depending on the type of alopecia in question, it is due to one origin or another. Consequently, hair loss will be treated differently.

Below we will talk about the most common types of female alopecia that can be found and diagnosed.

Androgenic alopecia

La androgenetic alopecia in women It is the most common of all, and it progresses with the passing of the years. This type of alopecia manifests itself through hair thinning, loss of shine and density.

In women it usually starts from the top of the head, where the hairline is located and begins to spread from there. It usually responds to hormonal problems that affect the hair follicles, causing them to weaken and end up detaching.

Hair loss due to androgenic alopecia in women is irreversible and accompanies hairless areas. In these cases, medical treatment is required, so it is essential to go to a hair clinic in case of detecting a widening in the hairline and bald spots.

alopecia areata

La alopecia areata It involves hair loss in specific areas of a woman's scalp and can occur both progressively, over months and years, or be much more immediate and develop in a matter of days. 

Hair loss due to this type of alopecia is due to the fact that the hair follicles go through an inflammatory process where nutrients do not arrive adequately. This has its origin in the patient's own immune system, which reacts against the hair follicles causing them to detach.

The most obvious symptom of alopecia areata in women is the appearance of rounded bald spots in the form of patches randomly distributed around the scalp. Among the types of female alopecia that exist, alopecia areata is one of the most common and, again, requires medical treatment, so it is essential to consult a dermatologist about the case.

Hair maintenance treatments

Diffuse alopecia

In this type of alopecia, the stages of hair growth have to do. Instead of following all the phases, the hair jumps directly to the telogen or hair loss phase, causing the hair to be lost in a much more pronounced way, with the loss of between 400 and 500 hairs per day, when normal it's 100. 

Although the hair is growing again, much less dense areas are generated that we can consider bald spots.

Fibrosing frontal alopecia

Fibrosing frontal alopecia is a type of scarring alopecia of unknown cause that is being diagnosed in more and more women. A common feature is that it usually affects once the menopause stage begins, although this does not mean that it cannot occur before menopause or even in men. 

It is a type of alopecia of autoimmune origin that causes inflammation of the hair follicles mainly in the frontal area and the temples, causing the receding of the first line. 

Telogen effluvium 

El telogen effluvium It is a very common type of hair loss in which a large amount of hair is lost, but which is usually reversible. It usually appears in season changes from summer to autumn and from winter to spring, but also due to other factors such as the Stress or covid19.

However, there are other causes that can trigger telogen effluvium in women, such as postpartum, weakness after surgery, serious health problems and very pronounced anxiety. 

What to do at the first signs of alopecia?

If we recognize any symptoms of the main types of female alopecia, it is key to know how to act, since if we treat alopecia in time we will do so more effectively.  

Go to a hair clinic

If the hair loss becomes more intense and is even accompanied by areas without hair, it is essential to go to a hair clinic in Spain. In this way, we will receive a medical diagnosis where the type of alopecia in question or the scalp disease that causes said hair loss will be determined.

Hair treatments

Depending on the capillary analysis, the medical team will recommend opting for different hair treatments. Among the most demanded to stop hair loss is the hair mesotherapy and the Platelet Rich Plasma.

Hair transplant in women

In cases where alopecia has progressed enough to leave areas without hair, the only way to recover hair is with the hair graft, once the alopecia is stabilized. It is a minimally invasive outpatient intervention, through which the follicular units are extracted from the donor zone and are implanted in receiving area.

Air shipments are the most efficient if you need your cargo or documents to arrive quickly and securely. hair transplant results They are given definitively one year after surgery, although visible results can already be seen after 6 months.

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